Australia

Currency

Australia has the Australian dollar (AUD) which you can easily get from ATMs or banks. 1 Euro is equal to 1.55 AUD and 1 US Dollar is equal to 1.29 AUD.

Weather

Australia is a large country so there are a lot of different climates. The south is generally a bit cooler while the north is hot and humid.

Language

The official language of Australia is English although there are hundreds of aboriginal languages spoken as well.

Quick Facts

With a population of over 25 million, Australia is a large country located in the southern hemisphere. Because it’s so far from most other countries a lot of people tend to go to Australia for a longer period of time. This is the spot to come for long road trips, camping, exploring, surfing and so much more. You might encounter the occasional spider or snake but once you’ve gotten used to the sometimes-questionable wildlife you’ll fall in love with this incredible country. The majority of travellers that I know who have lived in Australia for a while end up coming back and moving there permanently. It’s truly a special place and might just fall in love with it.

Budget and Prices

2-week budget trip (2 people, without flights) – 2200 AUD/1420€/1700$

2-week mid-range trip (2 people, without flights) – 3600 AUD/2320€/2790$

Box of 24 beers in a liquor store (no-name) – 30 AUD/19€/23$

Box of 24 name brand beers in liquor store– 60 AUD/39€/46$

Bottle of wine in liquor store – 12 AUD/8€/9$

Pack of 20 cigarettes - 35 AUD/23€/27$

Pint in a pub – 8 AUD/5€/6$

Meal in a budget restaurant – 10 AUD/6.50€/8$

Meal in a nice restaurant – 20 AUD/13€/16$

Coke in a restaurant – 4 AUD/2.50€/3$

15-minute Uber ride – 40 AUD/26€/31$

Hotel room for 1 night – 100 AUD/65€/77$

Hostel room for 1 night – 25 AUD/16€/19$

Campsite for 1 night – 20 AUD/13€/16$

Gas price per liter – 1.40 AUD/0.91€/1.08$

Coffee – 4 AUD/2.50€/3$

Rent for 1-bedroom apartment – 800 AUD/520€/620$

Utilities per month – 100 AUD/65€/77$

Basic phone plan per month – 20 AUD/13€/16$

Gym membership 1 month – 50 AUD/32€/39$

Public transport ticket – 4 AUD/2.50€/3$

Wage per hour for bartending job – 22 AUD/14€/17$

Campervan rent for 1 week –

1-day snorkelling tour

Favourite places

When to go

You can visit Australia year-round, and you’ll always find a spot with great weather. The seasons in Australia are actually opposite to what they would be in Europe or the United States. The “summer” months in Australia tend to be around Christmas time while June, July and August are the coldest. This goes mostly for the south of Australia and cities like Melbourne and Sydney. The further north you go the warmer it gets and the area around Cairns and Darwin actually has a tropical wet and dry season. If you get the chance, you should visit Australia some time between November and February for the warm and dry weather in the south. If you’re visiting the north the time between May to September might be better because there are fewer chances of rain.

Where to stay

Australia can be divided according to the different coasts. Most people will either go to the East coast or the West coast. The East coast of Australia is the most densely populated with major cities like Sydney, Perth and Brisbane. The West only has Perth making it the most isolated city in the world. Most backpackers and tourists will head to the East Coast as the attractions there are a lot closer together and easier to reach. This is the perfect place to go for a road trip especially if you start out in Sydney and make your way north. Sydney is a beautiful city with incredible beaches, nightlife opportunities and fantastic sightseeing spots. Brisbane lies a little further north so it’s generally a more tropical place. Some of the best smaller towns along the East coast are Byron Bay, which is a backpacker hotspot, Agnes Water which is a fantastic little holiday town and Airlie Beach which is where the famous Whitsunday Islands are located.

Perth might not be as large as Sydney or Melbourne but it’s still a fantastic place to spend a few weeks. Rottnest Island which lies just a quick boat ride away is an absolute must-visit and should be at the top of your bucket list. Perth is also a great starting point for many road trips and perfect for a camping adventure.

While the West and East coast are probably the most popular places to go in Australia you shouldn’t underestimate the beauty of the north and south. Close to Melbourne lies the Great Ocean Road, one of the most famous places in Australia. The southern coast close to Esperance is also stunningly beautiful and fantastic for swimming and exploring.

Then there is Outback Australia which is very sparsely populated with very small towns. Uluru and Alice Springs are very popular tourist destinations and perfect for a weekend trip. Always make sur you’re respectful when visiting aboriginal sacred sites.

How to get around

Australia is incredibly large so figuring out how to get around will make or break your trip. Much like the US Australia is a country where you really need a car to be able to see the important sights. You can either rent one or if you’re planning on staying longer or visiting Australia on a gap year you should consider buying one. Cars are actually quite affordable in Australia and easy to resell again after a while. You only need to have an international driver’s license so make sure you get one before you go. A lot of people also buy a campervan which is not only a fantastic way of getting around but also gives you great options for budget accommodation. Driving in Australia is quite easy, and traffic is very manageable if you’re outside of the larger cities. Whenever you’re driving in more rural areas make sure you’re watching out for wildlife, especially kangaroos or wallabies. They’re hit by cars very frequently which can be incredibly dangerous. Try to avoid driving early in the mornings or at dusk and don’t go too fast.

Australia also has long distance buses that will get you to most major cities and hotspots around the coast. They’re usually comfortable and frequently used by budget travellers. Bus routes go mostly along the coast and won’t take you to smaller places around Australia.

How to get to Australia

Australia’s location is quite remote so the main way of getting there is by plane. Australia has quite a few major international airports, the largest being Sydney, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Cairns and Melbourne. Most people fly into one of these larger airports and then either drive or take a connecting flight to where they need to go. There are also a number of cruises that go to Australia so you could take a boat if you’re not up for a flight. Make sure you choose carefully where in Australia you’ll be going first. It’s a very large country and a flight from one end to the other can take more than 4 hours.

Must know words

Australia’s main language is English, however, there are some unique slang words you should know before you go

Esky – Water Cooler

Stubby – Beer Bottle

Bottle-O – Liquor Store

Arvo – Afternoon

Barbie – Barbeque

Brekky – Breakfast

G’day – Hello

Goon – Boxed Wine

Good on Ya – Good job

Mozzie – Mosquito

Ta – Thank you

Bloke – Man

Sheila - Woman

Runners – Sneakers/Trainers

Servo – Service Station

Straya/OZ – Australia

Sunnies – Sunglasses

Tinny – small boat (sometimes also a can of beer)

Thongs – Flipflops

Hi, I'm Victoria

I’m 24 years old and grew up in Germany. Right now I’m studying at a university in Scotland and am about to graduate with a bachelor’s degree.

Full-time travel is my dream and I’ve spent the last few years slowly building my online business. Guide your Travel is technically a travel blog, but I also write about photography, social media and how you can start blogging. Don’t forget to check out my destination guides and travel tips.

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